DC Motor Velocity Control, Robot Odometry and Path Planning


After completing my third year in engineering, I got my summer internship at ThinkLABS, a division of The Robotics Institute(TRI) @ IIT Bombay. It was a truly memorable and an eventful 😉 experience for me. From designing cute little robots to being bitten by a dog :-P, I had seen it all in that time span of two months.

My work was to design robot prototypes using off the shelf ‘mechano’ parts and TRI’s processor boards which incorporated DC motor velocity control, odomerty and some smart path planning.

Introduction from the report is given below. Complete report, presentation and software files can be downloaded from the following link :-                                                                         Click to Download the Project Documentation and Software Files

Pics of the robot prototypes I designed are also given.

Introduction

In the field of robotics, DC motors play a very important part. Being very light and powerful, they offer the best power-to-weight ratio while consuming minimal amounts of current. This makes them the obvious choice for any robotics application over Stepper motors.

The problem lies in controlling the DC motors, whose movements are ‘continuous’ in nature, unlike that of stepper motors which takes discrete steps. This necessitates some kind of feedback structure in the system in order to control the motor. A good place to start with is the industry standard PID controller. Digital PID technique has been used in the project.

Robot odometry deals with the calculation of x, y co-ordinates and heading angle by processing feedback data from the wheel encoders only. Odometry forms the base of path planning for robots, which can be a pretty complex if studied in its entirety.

Path planning usually involves processing a set of datum read from the sensors (encoders in this case) and then carrying out the calculations to make the robot follow some predefined/optimal path to reach some known destination.

Pics →

The three robot prototypes 

1. The Chariot I, for testing PID Velocity Control of the DC motors.

2. Viper, for testing Odometry Equations and X-Y co-ordinate navigation.

3. The Chariot II, the final prototype, used velocity control and odometry to implement the algorithms.


Creative Commons License
DC Motor Velocity Control, Robot Odometry and Path Planning by Pranjal Chaubey is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Advertisements

About Pranjal Chaubey

An engineer, who believes in 'Being Wise, b.i.t.Wise!™'
This entry was posted in AVR, Industrial, Motor Control, Path Planning, PID, Robot Odometry, Robotics, Third Year, Undergrad Projects and tagged , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

One Response to DC Motor Velocity Control, Robot Odometry and Path Planning

  1. Pingback: Micromouse and Me | Pranjal Chaubey b.i.t.Wise

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s